This is concerned with ensuring the safety, health and welfare workers in the environment they work in. The goal is to foster a safe working environment. In addition, it applies at a secondary level where it also protects co-workers, customers, family members, employers, suppliers, neighboring communities, and other members of the public who are likely to be affected by the workplace environment. Basically, the contract spells out what the employee should expect in terms of wages, holiday rights, dismissal notice and job description among others. This may vary from one party to another, but depends on the legislation of the country the work is present.
International Labor Organizations
The International Labor Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have shared a common definition of occupational health since 1950, having been adopted by the Joint ILO/WHO Committee on Occupational Health at its first session in 1950 and revised at its twelfth session in 1995.
The Labor Law History
Labor Law can be traced to the Industrial Revolution era when there was an increase in the demands of the labor market. Demands increased for better working conditions and the right to organize, with opposing demands from employers restricting the workers from gaining power in order to keep labor costs low. This was seen as a threat because the workers’ organizations would push for the implementation of laws that require health and safety standards as well as higher wages and equal opportunities. Trade unions were seen as political driven in order to gain power through industrial disputes. The Labor Law has transformed over the years depending on the state of the society at the time.
The US Labor Law consists of both state and federal laws. Federal Law overrides the state law in many jurisdictions giving workers in the private sector rights to organize while limiting the federal government employees. However, these Federal Laws do not apply to state and local government employees, agricultural workers or domestic employees.
This article is not meant as a legal advice.